Effluent and Manure Management Database for the Australian Dairy Industry

Efflientand-Manure-Management Click here to download complete document (2.9 Mb)


Collection and conveyance

1.1 Physical, biological and chemical components of effluent and manure
1.2 Characteristics of effluent and manure
1.3 Yard washdown
1.4 Flood wash systems
1.5 Sump design
1.6 Pipes

Treatment and storage

2.1 Solid-liquid separation systems
2.2 Direct distribution systems
2.3 Anaerobic, aerobic and facultative ponds
2.4 Pond site investigation
2.5 Pond design and construction
2.6 Effluent storage requirement
2.7 Wetlands
2.8 Desludging and pond closure
2.9 Composting


3.1 Nutrient budgeting
3.2 Nitrogen
3.3 Phosphorus
3.4 Potassium
3.5 Trace elements
3.6 Salinity
3.7 Sodicity
3.8 Effluent distribution and irrigation systems
3.9 Hydraulic application rate and scheduling
3.10 Land application of manure and sludge
3.11 Microbial risks

Laneways, feed pads and feed storage

4.1 Yards and laneways
4.2 Feedpads, calving pads and loafing pads
4.3 Feed storage and wastage


5 Odour emissions and control


6 Occupational health and safety

Performance monitoring

7 Monitoring and sampling

Emerging issues

8.1 Production and beneficial use of methane
8.2 Greenhouse gas emissions


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Other Resources

Dairy Shed Effluent and Biogas – FAQs
DairyGains Victorian Guidelines – Effluent
Victorian Guidelines – Feedpads and Freestalls
Environmental management guidelines for the dairy industry NSW
Managing Dairy Farm Effluent in Tasmania
SE South Australian Effluent Guidelines
Mt Lofty Ranges Effluent Guidelines